• Greta
  • February 18, 2020
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Haddington Scales Up Robot Arms Production with 3D Printing

3D Printed 7-Axis Robotic Arm

Haddington Dynamics, an engineering startup who develops and manufactures a 7-axis robotic arm for such customers as NASA, GoogleX and Toshiba, spent years trying laser cutters and inexpensive desktop printers to build a robot without success.

When they discovered Markforged 3D printing, it allowed them to achieve just what they were seeking — engineering-quality parts for their robots. They were so impressed that they built their business around 3D printing and created a print farm of carbon fiber printers to keep up with demand.

From end-use parts to custom end effectors, read on to see how they reduced part counts from 800 to less than 100 to save time and money.

The Breakdown:

The Challenge:

Robotic arms need to be cost-effective and stiff enough to maintain 50-micron precision in the arm’s movements.

The Solution:

A fleet of several Markforged printers allowed the team to develop durable custom gripper fingers for customers.

The Results:

Haddington Dynamics reduced part count from 800 to under 70 and can assemble Dexter robots within a day.


Time Parts
Traditional 30 Days 800
Markforged 9 days 70
Savings 70% 91%
  • Consolidated Assembly

    Continuous carbon fiber reinforced plastic allows for strong, complex parts, reducing the number of pieces needed in assemblies across the production cycle

  • Tolerance Accuracy

    Markforged’s cloud software ensures parts come off the build plate with an accurate size and structure, leaving no surprises.

  • Consolidated Assembly

    Haddington Dynamics can take a Dexter straight off the printer and ship it to their end-customer without any post-processing.

Dexter manufacturer Haddington Dynamics supplies its 7-axis fully assembled robotic arms and kits to NASA, GoogleX, and Toshiba. After using the arm, a high-profile customer suggested they move away from using weak PLA material and instead utilize Markforged’s Onyx material with cotinuous carbon fiber reinforcement to achieve the strength they desired. This was enough for Haddington Dynamics to purchase four Markforged printers. Inventor of Dexter, Kent Gilson said “within about three weeks of receiving our printers, we had completely redesigned the robot with the carbon fiber layup and saved all kinds of volume.” Dexter is now almost completely made from Markforged 3D printed parts, which has saved the company 58% in costs. Haddington Dynamics’ customers receive custom swappable 3D printed gripper fingers with each robotic kit. Dexter’s modular end effectors are capable of pick and placing, gripping, 3D printing, and even working with CNC machines. Due to the reduced manufacturing time and cost, Haddington Dynamics is able to pay off a Markforged printer with the production of a single Dexter robot. “You recover your ROI in a single output, which changes the manufacturing model,” said Todd Enerson, CEO at Haddington Dynamics.